» Articles posted by Troy Todd, Ph.D., BCN

A Theory on ADHD

ADHD/ADD (the Attention Deficit Disorders) are, as the name implies, a inability to properly attend to relevant things. This has been observed to manifest as either a dysfunctional distractibility or an over-activity. Here, I will outline a useful theory for the reason for this disorder and its manifestation, which will naturally inform treatment. The human […]

Raising a Difficult Child

There seems to be a certain type of child that is difficult to understand and parent. They seem pleasant and intelligent most of the time, but can be emotionally explosive, may appear lazy, difficult to reason with, and intolerant of anything new or not to their liking. They are often curious, provocative thinkers, yet fail […]

A Tool to Improve Self-Confidence

It is important that we understand who we are, and that we continually work to maintain who we are. It is sometimes helpful to make a list of our attributes and review them frequently to assist ourselves in this process. Maintaining this strong understanding of ourselves can assist us in having more confidence and acting […]

Tips to Improve Test Performance

In this article, we will review several methods that may help you reducing anxiety surrounding tests and help you perform better on tests. Most of this information is taken from the Learning and Development Center of Sheppard Air Force Base, where most young Air Force personnel receive their initial specialized training. Let’s first focus on […]

On Overcoming PTSD

Troy Todd, Ph.D., BCN PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) is a reaction to a traumatic event that disrupts to a person’s life. By definition, the trauma is life threatening, however, people do develop the disorder from situations that others may not consider life threatening. Anyone experiencing PTSD symptoms should seek professional help since the symptoms […]

Childhood Psychological Distress

from: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, Special Issue (as presented in Monitor on Psychology January 2015, p. 18) Childhood psychological abuse may be as harmful as sexual or physical abuse, according to a study led by a psychologist at The Trauma Center at Justice Resource Institute in Brookline,Massachusetts. Researchers analyzed data from 5,616 youths […]

Effects of Mindfulness

by: Stacy Lu Monitor on Psychology March 2015 Mindfulness training holds promise for treating mood disorders partly because it may lead to changes in patients’ brains, improving connectivity among some brain areas and changing tissue density in key regions, research suggests. The evidence indicates that when people pay attention to the present moment – an experiential […]

Feeling Loved

as reported in Monitor on Psychology Jan 2015 p. 22 from Social, Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, online Oct. 17 Seeing pictures of others being loved and cared for reduces the brain’s response to threat, according to a study led by University of Exeter psychologists. They used fMRI to study brain activity in 42 healthy adults […]

Things to Keep in Mind When Overcoming an Addiction

When overcoming an addiction, there are many things to understand and change besides the desire to have the addiction gone. Working with a therapist to identify the things you need to understand and practicing methods to improve yourself is the fastest and least stressful way to overcome an addiction. There are at least two components […]

Home Use Biofeedback Equipment

Troy Todd, Ph.D., BCN The home-use biofeedback devices are usually not as sophisticated or flexible as those in a provider’s office, but usually this is not necessary if you select the right device for your goals. There are two classifications of biofeedback: peripheral (usually just referred to as “biofeedback”) and neuro-feedback. Most of the home […]

Alarming Thought Patterns to Avoid

All-or-Nothing Thinking. You see things in black-and-white categories. If your performance falls short of perfect, you see yourself as a total failure. You exaggerate the importance of things (such as your goof up or someone else’s achievement), or you shrink things until they appear tiny (your own desirable qualities or the other fellow’s imperfections). This […]

Methods to Reduce Worry

Eliminating worry may not be realistic or even desirable, however, the skills needed to control worry can be learned. Three such techniques are worry times, imagery, and worry logs. Worry Times If you are the type of person who lies in bed with thoughts racing through your head about things you have to do, problems […]

Trauma Before Enlistment Linked to High Suicide Rates Among Military Personnel, Veterans, Research Finds (Child abuse, sexual victimization, prior suicidal behavior significant risk factors)

WASHINGTON — High rates of suicide among military service members and veterans may be related to traumatic experiences they had before enlisting, making them more vulnerable to suicidal behavior when coping with combat and multiple deployments, according to the findings of several recent studies presented at the American Psychological Association’s 122nd Annual Convention. Experiencing child […]

Fitness May Help Ward Off Depression in Girls

by Tara Haelle, HealthDay Reporter THURSDAY, Aug. 7, 2014 (HealthDay News) — The more fit middle-school girls are, the less likely they may be to develop symptoms of depression, according to a recent study. Although the effect of fitness on depression was small, improvements in fitness may be part of an overall strategy for reducing the […]

Understanding Suicide

Troy Todd, Ph.D., BCN It is confusing and distressing when someone around us becomes suicidal. There are many resources that outline good “do’s” and “don’t’s” when managing suicidal behavior which should be used when dealing with these situations. This article is designed to help improve your understanding of suicidality from the perspective of both the […]

Tips on Reducing Anxiety

Troy Todd, PhD, BCN The more control you have of your “inner world” (yourself, your body, your thoughts) the less anxiety you will have. People try to control their “external world” (people around them, outcomes, etc.) to feel in control but this is inherently flawed because they cannot ultimately control these things and are likely […]

Deployment Stressors and Their Effects

Troy Todd, Ph.D., BCN By Maj. (Dr.) Troy Todd, USAF Psychologist in: The Air Force Psychologist, The Society of Air Force Psychologists, vol. 28, issue 2, Feb. 2009, pp. 7-9. This article is an attempt to outline the stressors of deployment, related coping mechanisms, and their effects on the military member. Hopefully, it will help […]

Sleep Hygiene Techniques

Troy Todd, PhD, BCN 1. Go To Bed Only When You Are Sleepy: There is no reason to go to bed if you are not sleepy. Going to bed too early encourages you to ponder the events of the day, think of the next day’s schedule, or worry about your inability to fall to sleep. […]

Key Ingredients for Relaxation

There’s no one “magic” relaxation technique–different people prefer different methods. There are, however, several key ingredients that are important to consider as part of relaxation training: # 1 Passive Attitude: Very often people try to force themselves to relax, or they are determined to master the technique faster or more completely than anybody else. These […]

Overcoming Nightmares

Troy Todd, Ph.D., BCN These two steps-control of the dream and providing for your needs- can be done in any order to be successful… start with the one that is easiest to accomplish: Control of the Dream: 1. remind yourself just before you go to bed, that you are going to take some control over […]

Tips on Pain Managment

Troy Todd, Ph.D., BCN Our natural tendency is to want to eliminate and prevent all pain. If we cannot eliminate or prevent it, we at least seek to predict it. This applies to physical as well as emotional pain. Usually, pain alerts us to situations that are damaging to us, so by eliminating and preventing […]

Diaphragmatic Breathing

1. Sit in a comfortable position 2. Place one hand on your stomach and the other on your chest 3. Try to breathe so that only your stomach rises and falls As you inhale, concentrate on your chest remaining relatively still while your stomach rises. It may be helpful for you to imagine that your […]

Progressive Muscle Relaxation

Both diaphragmatic breathing and the CALM exercise are helpful for breaking up stress when it starts to occur. Sometimes, though, they do not produce the deep level of relaxation that is desired. Other times, they are not enough to break up stress (for example, when it is very intense). For such times, progressive muscle relaxation […]

Facts About Sleep

1. Myth: Everyone needs 8 hours of sleep. Fact: Eight hours is only the average. Sleep needs range from 3 hours to over 10 hours. Think back to before you developed insomnia. How much sleep did you need to feel refreshed and rested at that time (fill in amount here: ______hours)? This number will be […]

A Model for the Purpose of Anger

Troy Todd, Ph.D., BCN It is valuable to comprehend anger as a tool. Anger is manifest as either physical or verbal aggression. Usually, it is directed at the object or person that is denying the person, or assumed to deny the person, a resource. The resource can be physical, emotional, or experiential. The need or […]